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1-The year of 2021 was marked by WIFI 6 and WIFI 6 E:

The Year of 2021 was marked by the transition of Wi-Fi technology to its version 6, which is gradually becoming the default option. In addition, manufacturers have also adapted and released many devices allowing the establishment of a quality mesh network at an affordable price. Regarding nomenclature, the different Wi-Fi generations are: WiFi 1: 802.11a, WiFi 2: 802.11b, WiFi 3: 802.11g, WiFi 4: 802.11n, WiFi 5: 802.11ac and WiFi 6/6E: 802.11ax.

Source : https://www.cnetfrance.fr/news/reseau-wifi-et-routeurs-la-satisfaction-des-clients-repart-a-la-hausse-en-2021-39932899.htm

2-Wi-Fi routers: Which type to choose:

Each device connected to the router requires bandwidth. The pandemic has contributed to the need for speed, capacity, and reliability in the home router space in particular. We all face the additional burdens of teleworking and distance learning, in addition to entertainment activities. To ensure the proper functioning of the WIFI, it is necessary to see the type of router used.
Also, keep in mind that there are two main types of products to consider: the traditional router or the mesh network.
Source : https://www.zdnet.fr/pratique/reseaux-mailles-ou-routeurs-wi-fi-pour-quelle-solution-opter-en-2021-39918319.htm

3-Wi-Fi 6E: An optimized use of the spectrum to meet demanding users:

Consisting of an evolution of the current 802.11ax standard, Wi-Fi 6E offers, by using the 6 GHz frequency, a greater number of available channels and makes it possible to manage the radio frequency (RF) spectrum in a much more efficient way. In April 2021, the American regulator (FCC) set the standards for the advent of Wi-Fi 6E. An extension of the 802.11ax Wi-Fi standard that will allow the use of the ‘6’ frequency to further facilitate communications. As early as May, equipment manufacturers like Qualcomm announced the launch of the first Wi-Fi 6E chips, potentially offering throughput speeds of up to 3.6 Gbps. Considered as an evolution of the current 802.11ax standard, Wi-Fi 6E offers, by using the 6 GHz frequency, a greater number of available channels and makes it possible to manage the radio frequency (RF) spectrum in a much more efficient way. With less interference and more channels to operate, its use will result in both increased network performance and reliability. According to the European Commission’s “Gigabit society” strategy, all households in the Union in Europe should have Internet connections allowing a download speed of at least 100 Mbit/s, which can be increased to 1 Gbit/s by 2025. With this in mind, the European Commission has just adopted the harmonized technical conditions for the use of the 6 GHz band (5945-6425 MHz) by wireless local networks (WAS/RLAN, mainly Wi-Fi). This 480 MHz are added to the resources already available in Europe in the 2.4 GHz (2400-2483.5 GHz) and the 5 GHz (5150-5350 GHz and 5470-5725 GHz) bands and meet the needs for increased throughput.

Source : https://www.silicon.fr/avis-expert/wi-fi-6e-une-utilisation-optimisee-du-spectre-pour-apporter-une-reponse-aux-environnements-exigeants

4-Twelve Wi-Fi flaws threaten all devices in the world:

WIFI is far from perfect when it comes to security. A researcher has discovered 12 vulnerabilities in the Wi-Fi protocol. Called FragAttacks, the threats from these flaws make it possible to steal data or take control of devices, including connected objects. Some of these breaches have been around for a long time and affect all devices. (see article in this present 41th issue of LtE magazine “how to limit the damage of cyberattacks via WIFI”).

5-The annual global economic value of Wi-Fi:

A recent study commissioned by the Wi-Fi Alliance estimates that the annual global economic value of Wi-Fi will reach more than $3 trillion in 2021, rising to $5 trillion in 2025, a forecast of 150% growth between 2018 and 2025, which highlights the significant economic contribution of Wi-Fi. The study assessed the economic value of Wi-Fi in 15 countries based on several key factors and developments which are impacting the Wi-Fi industry, including free Wi-Fi in public places, savings made by consumers using the internet at home and connecting to Wi-Fi rather than the mobile network, the pandemic, and the new frequency allocations that allow to pursue the development of innovation, to reduce network congestion and to improve throughput.

Source : https://www.zdnet.fr/actualites/l-impact-socio-economique-du-wi-fi-dans-le-monde-39926515.htm

6- WIFI 6E has been operational in Morocco since July 2021.

In Morocco, the National Telecommunications Regulatory Agency (ANRT) of Morocco has published a decision detailing a number of changes to the spectrum used by low-power, short-range devices. Among these changes, it is now possible to take advantage of the Wi-Fi 6E standard, which can significantly increase the speed of indoor wireless networks.

7-The Qatar Airways fleet now has 100 aircraft equipped with the “Super Wi-Fi” broadband connectivity service. And the 100th aircraft is an Airbus A350-900

8-What are the reasons behind the global shortage of semiconductors which is not expected to end until the end of 2023.

There are many reasons for this shortage. First, there is the Covid-19 crisis, which has slowed production, while at the same time, the demand for electronic products due to containment and teleworking has been increasing. This has been combined with an added demand for electronic chips, boosted by the deployment of 5G technology, which involves the production of new antennas, and amplified with new and more powerful smartphones. According to IDC, the global semiconductor market grew by 5.4% in 2020, despite the health crisis, to reach $442 billion. It could reach 476 billion dollars in 2021, and thus experience an increase of 7.7% over this last financial year.

Source : https://business.lesechos.fr/amp/61/345761.php

9-The “ Predator ” software spies on smartphones:

Meta, which runs Facebook, Instagram and WhatsApp, has announced that it has banned new companies that spy on its users for a fee. The survey was conducted by Meta and Citizen Lab, a Brussels-based civic tech company. Meta said these companies monitor users from more than 100 countries. These companies operate from 7 different countries, including China, Israel, India and North Macedonia. After several months of investigation, the affected users have been notified and the infrastructure of the surveillance companies has been completely blocked from Meta platforms. Around 1,500 accounts were deleted and web addresses from which malicious spyware was being distributed were blocked as well. Undoubtedly, this blocking of social networks will not completely interrupt their activities, but it should make attacking and distributing malware much more difficult. The Macedonian company “ Cytrox ” is suspected of being behind this spyware.
Source : Un nouveau malware espionne les téléphones des politiciens et des journalistes – Geeko (lesoir.be)

10-Mobile subscribers in 2025:

15% in 5G. 53% in 4G. The rest in 2G and 3G.
We expect 25 billion IOT (internet of things).
5.9 billion mobile subscribers, i.e. more than 70% of the world’s population in 2025.
The world population in 2025 would be between 8 and 8.5 billion.

11-Europe is improving on the regulation of the digital world:

The European Parliament is considering two texts aimed at regulating the Internet giants, namely Google, Amazon, Facebook and Apple in the lead
1- the Digital Markets Act (DMA), which aims to prevent abuse of a dominant position by digital giants.
2- The second text should make Europe more sovereign in the digital world. This is the Digital Services Act (DSA), the objective of which is to regulate content on the Web.

12- The CES show in Las Vegas was held face-to-face from January 5th to 8th, 2022:

At the CES show in Las Vegas, televisions remain the unmissable stars of the show, with demand modified by new technologies and new uses. After the OLEDs, it is the turn of the mini-leds and micro-leds to spread. The brands compete with superlatives to describe screens with ever more precise definitions, with more brightness and better contrasts. Samsung, the world’s number one in the sector, continues to think big. In particular, it presented television sets that were both huge and subtle. The Korean company unveiled a new screen using micro led technology with a diagonal of 110 inches, or 2.82 meters.
Source Figaro (France) of January 4th, 2022.

13- At the CES show in Las Vegas: The automotive industry is increasingly dependent on software:

On-board intelligence will quickly represent more than half of the value of vehicles, according to experts, on the occasion of CES in Las Vegas 2022. “Software and applications already represent, for some models of certain brands, more than half of the value of the vehicle, says Laurent Petizon, Managing Director for France of the consulting firm AlixPartners”.

14- The CSA in France extends its powers to digital:

On January 1, 2022, the Superior Audiovisual Council became the Regulatory Authority for Audiovisual and Digital Communication.
Arcom first marks the merger of the CSA with the High Authority for the dissemination of works and the protection of rights on the Internet (Hadopi), which will increase the workforce of the new entity from 300 to 355 employees. Arcom will also supervise certain content from social networks such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram or YouTube.

15- At Dubai: INPT students win 2nd place in the Arab IoT & AI Challenge

Dubai- A team of three students from the National Institute of Posts and Telecommunications (INPT) of Morocco won second place in the Arab IoT & AI Challenge during Gitex Technology Week in Dubai.

Morocco was represented in this competition by Kaoutar El Ghaich, Mayssae Chimi and Hajar Ait Iddir, who presented a project aimed at reducing food waste.
To take part in the competition, students in their final year of training must propose a project that falls within the framework of Artificial Intelligence and the Internet of Things.
To choose Morocco’s representatives for this event, a preliminary selection was made in Morocco, with the participation of a set of engineering schools, universities and institutes.
In a statement to MAP (Moroccan agency of press), student Kaoutar El Ghaich said that her team participated in several competitions and won several prizes thanks to this project developed last year, noting that INPT students were able to develop and present their projects within the framework of the restructuring of the institute’s pedagogical model, which includes 7 aspects of the field of digitalization.
ARAB AI & IOT is a regional program aimed at developing the skills of academics, secondary school students, as well as very small enterprises that present innovative ideas in the field of the Internet of Things and Artificial Intelligence.
A dozen of Moroccan companies specializing in advanced technologies, in particular in aspects related to digital transformation, telecommunications and Offshore, are taking part in Gitex Technology Week to promote the Moroccan offer in this area.
The Moroccan presence at this global event is supervised by the Moroccan Agency for the Development of Investments and Exports and the Moroccan Federation of Information Technologies and Offshoring.

Source : https://www.mapnews.ma/fr/actualites/economie/duba%C3%AF-des-%C3%A9tudiantes-de-linpt-sadjugent-la-2%C3%A8me-place-de-l%E2%80%99arab-iot-ai-challenge.

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