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Editorial

Nanosatellites are small artificial satellites. These satellites, which appeared in the 2000s, attracted the attention of scientists and engineers because of their low cost compared to the importance of their space missions we knew before. Launched at a height of around 400 km, their advent was made possible thanks to the miniaturization of on-board systems and the adoption of the “Cubesat” standard. The so-called Starlink project, carried out by SpaceX, is an example of these nano-satellites aimed at providing high-speed Internet access. Other companies are interested in it such as Amazon.

As part of this folder, we offer you an article by Ahmed El Hanafi, Professor of Electrical Engineering, Industrial Computing and Embedded Systems, at Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University in Fes Morocco. He is actually very active in this field. Within the same subject, we provide you an article on “how to understand nanosatellites in eight points” from René Serres, a point of view from a European telecom player on the advantage of fiber over nanosatellites, and finally a summary of an academic article whose author is Riad Hartani, an international expert in the area. Still in the telecom section and in the field of satellites, we offer you an interview with a commercial director of the Nortis telecom operator operating VSATs in Morocco.

Also, on the occasion of World Telecommunications and Information Society Day on May 17, 2022, we provide our readers an article on the theme of this year 2022 which is entitled “Digital technologies at the service of the elderly and healthy aging”.Finally, and with regard to the issue of taxation in the digital age, we would like to provide you with the details that the OECD communicated to us. In the declaration recently adopted by the OECD (OCT 2021), It is necessary to distinguish two important points as an insight.

· Pillar one or the contribution of multinational companies whose worldwide turnover exceeds 20 billion euros and whose profitability exceeds 10%. However, while the mechanisms linked to pillar one is not put in place by the OECD, the French government, for instance, will continue to unilaterally apply the law of 24/7/2019 creating a tax on digital services probably till 2023.  ·

 Pillar two is about the minimum profit tax of 15% which is applied to multinational companies that achieve a turnover of at least 750 million euros. For more information on this subject see the following link: declaration-sur-une-solution-reposant-sur-deux-piliers-pour-resoudre-les-defis-fiscaux-souleves-par-la-numerisation-de-l-economie-octobre-2021.pdfAnd as always, other relevant readings are offered to you in the other sections, particularly in “events” and “media library”.Finally, we would like to inform our dear readers that the next LTE magazine, N°43, will deal with the importance of standardization in the telecom and digital sector.

By Ahmed Khaouja, telecom engineer, director of PTT Morocco and ITU expert.

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